Social Learning Theory #2

In 1969 Bandura created the Social Learning Theory. The Social Learning theory is a modification of the traditional learning theory, which is a behaviorist approach. This theory rests on the basis that learners respond to new situations or problems (stimulus) based on their prior experiences or their knowledge about the experiences of others. He emphasizes that the ability to learn from the experiences of others is unique to humans
Bandura argues that when the learner sees the outcome they or others experience in a situation, they use this prior experience in determining how they will react next time or in similar situations. There are two phases in the Social Learning Theory: acquisition and performance. During acquisition, the learner observes a model and encodes the actions of the model to the effects. Performance occurs when the learner has correctly connected the action and contingencies.
Because learners are seeking clues from those around them, one strategy for instruction that may be used is modeling. An example would be that a teacher has asked students to push in chairs before coming to the rug. She asks Suzie to demonstrate. Suzie pushes in the chair and walks to the rug and takes a seat. Next, Joe is called to the rug, but he forgets to push in his chair. The teacher asks him to return to his seat. The classmates use the actions of Suzie and Joe to determine that the contingency for getting to sit on the rug is pushing in the chair. Another strategy for maximizing learning under the Social Learning Theory is utilizing social media. Social media allows an increase in acquisition of information by giving the learner a larger population to learn from (a larger population of models).

Watson, M. (2015, January 12). 16 Bandura’s Social Learning Theory. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1mbfHwStKq0