Operant Conditioning By Kayla Mitteness

Description:
Operant Conditioning theory by B.F Skinner examines the learning that occurs as a result of systematic reinforcement. Stimulus-Response patterns claim to create predictable behaviors. Positive reinforcement as a stimulus will increase a desired response, while Negative reinforcement will decrease undesired behaviors. One’s behavioral motivation may be influence by acting to receive desired reinforcers.

Why Use it?
-Encourages people to succeed
-Predicts Behaviors
-Increase/Decrease undesired or desired behaviors

Application:

Positive Reinforcement: A teacher complimenting students when they answer correctly will increase that behavior

Negative Reinforcement: A teacher exempts student from the final test if they have perfect attendance. So, the
teacher is taking away something unpleasant to increase behavior

Positive Punishment: When a student misbehaves in class, she/he receives a time out

Negative Punishment: When a student misbehaves in class she/he gets recess taken away. This is the removal of something pleasant after the behavior used to decrease the behavior.

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References:
Unknown. (2015). Operant Conditioning (B.F. Skinner). Retrieved November 10, 2015, from http://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/operant-conditioning.html