Operant Conditioning By Kayla Mitteness

Operant Conditioning theory by B.F Skinner examines the learning that occurs as a result of systematic reinforcement. Stimulus-Response patterns claim to create predictable behaviors. Positive reinforcement as a stimulus will increase a desired response, while Negative reinforcement will decrease undesired behaviors. One’s behavioral motivation may be influence by acting to receive desired reinforcers.

Why Use it?
-Encourages people to succeed
-Predicts Behaviors
-Increase/Decrease undesired or desired behaviors


Positive Reinforcement: A teacher complimenting students when they answer correctly will increase that behavior

Negative Reinforcement: A teacher exempts student from the final test if they have perfect attendance. So, the
teacher is taking away something unpleasant to increase behavior

Positive Punishment: When a student misbehaves in class, she/he receives a time out

Negative Punishment: When a student misbehaves in class she/he gets recess taken away. This is the removal of something pleasant after the behavior used to decrease the behavior.


Unknown. (2015). Operant Conditioning (B.F. Skinner). Retrieved November 10, 2015, from http://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/operant-conditioning.html