Learning Theory by Korrie Zupon

Classical Conditioning

Definition
To have a response/behavior that is different than the one that was naturally produced

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  • Unconditioned Stimulus-stimulus that produces anatural response
  • Unconditioned Response-natural response to a stimulus
  • Conditioned Stimulus-stimulus introduced to get a new response
  • Conditioned Response-new response given after conditioned stimulus has been introduced

Example of Using Classical Conditioning within Instructional Design
Two different kinds of standards in this class
• The desired standard (the standard everyone would like to be at)
• The actual standard (the standard people are actually at).
The gap in between these standards is where the professor can help to condition the students

Problems
• conditioning scarcely survives a few dozen non-reinforced trials
• if there is not an unconditioned response, there is no use in using a conditioned stimulus because there is nothing to respond to.

References

Clark, R. (2004). The classical origins of Pavlov's Conditioning. Integrative Physiological & Behavioral Science, 39(4), 279-294. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
Domjan, M. (2005). Pavlovian conditioning: A functional perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 56(1), 179-206. doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141409.

by:Korrie Zupon