Experiential Learning (Rogers) vs. multiple intelligences (Gardner) --Eunice


Experiential Learning vs. multiple intelligences


Multiple intelligences-MI

Howard Gardner, a Harvard professor in psychology developed the multiple intelligences theory. The theory suggests that humans possess multiple intelligences, not limited to linguistic and mathematical-logical intelligences. Apart from the linguistic and mathematical intelligences, there are also 6 other intelligences: musical, spatial, body-kinesthetic, intrapersonal (e.g., insight, metacognition) and interpersonal (e.g., social skills). Each individual has its unique multiple intelligences preference of learning. Subsequently, educators need to match students’ learning experience with their respective learning intelligence preferences.

Experiential Learning Theory-ELT
Carl Rogers offers a learning theory that has a humanistic approach. Both the cognitive and the experiential learning types are recognized. The experiential learning theory is person-centered. Learning is controlled by the learner's needs and wants to accomplish the best they can.

MI and ELT

In both MI and ELT, learning is determined by the individual learner.

Example of Application(s)

MI -
The MI theory has received critiques in the education and the psychology fields such as the lack of empirical evidence. However some schools claim success the multiple intelligences theory
New City School is a K-6 private school located in St Louis Missouri that uses multiple intelligences learning theory.
Project Zero is a Harvard research endeavor that at the beginning has for mission to improve learning in arts. Now, Project Zero also offers online courses to educators.

Service-learning projects

Other information you may wish to add

Implications for ID:
MI and ELT can explain and predict learner's characteristics and learner's preferences of learning acquisition.


Conti, H. (2015). Multiple Intelligences. Research Starters: Education (Online Edition)
Klein, Perry D. (1998), "A Response to Howard Gardner: Falsifiability, Empirical Evidence, and Pedagogical Usefulness in Educational Psychologies", Canadian Journal of Education 23 (1):
103–112, doi:10.2307/1585969
MI in the Classrooms | New City School. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.newcityschool.org/academics/multiple-intelligences/mi-in-the-classrooms
Online Courses | Project Zero. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.pz.harvard.edu/professional-development/online-courses
S., Kornhaber, M., & Gardner, H. (2006). Orchestrating Multiple Intelligences. Educational Leadership, 64(1), 22-27.

Created by:Eunice G