Constructivist Theory vs. Elaboration Theory -Melissa Enninga

Learning Theories:
Constructivist Theory and Elaboration Theory

Description:
Constructivist Theory by Jerome Bruner focuses on using previous knowledge and experiences of an individual as a scaffolding toward new information. This theory has become one of the most prevalent teaching theories. Since it is based around previous and current knowledge it is best for logical learning. Taking this type of learning into a logical classroom such as a math classroom would be ideal because math focuses on taking previous teaching and applying old concepts to new problems.

Elaboration Theory by Charlie Reigeluth is a teaching method that looks at the teaching of new information by starting simple and gradually increasing the complexity of the information as you progress while also revisiting old information for retention. This type of learning is made for those that are teaching cognitive or psychomotor lessons. This type of learning does best in an instructional class such as instructional design because we look at a process as a whole at first, break each section up and explain it in detail, then repeat with each piece of the process.

Constructivist Elaboration
Logic based Cognitive based
Content can be changed based on learners experience Content needs to be previously laid out
Learner motivation is a large factor Information interrelation is a required
Requires Experience Recollection Analogy intensive
More thinking and contemplation Understanding what is happening

References:
CAKIROGLU, U., & OZTURK, M. (2014). IMPLEMENTATION OF ELABORATION THEORY IN MATERIAL DESIGN FOR DISTANCE EDUCATION. Turkish Online Journal Of Distance Education (TOJDE), 15(1), 143.

Juvova, A., Chudy, S., Neumeister, P., Plischke, J., & Kvintova, J. (2015). Reflection of Constructivist Theories in Current Educational Practice. Universal Journal Of Educational Research, 3(5), 345-349. Retrived 11/01/2015 from http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1062318

Richard Culatta (2015). Constructivist Theory (Jerome Bruner). Constructivist Theory. Retrieved 10/27/2015 from http://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/constructivist.html

Richard Culatta (2015). Elaboration Theory (Charlie Reigeluth) Retrieved 10/27/2015 from http://www.instructionaldesign.org/theories/elaboration-theory.html