Andragogy, Pedagogy & Heutagogy with Suz Szucs

Suzanne Szucs
IM 504

Comparative Basics of Theories

Pedagogy is a teacher-centric theory of teaching. It is based on the transmission of information to a passive learner through the delivery of subject content by a subject matter expert (teacher). Its instructional strategy is primarily supplantive, with a high level of scaffolding for learners who may have little familiarity of the content.

Andragogy is a learner-centric theory of learning. It is based on a transactional relationship between the learner and teacher where content is integrated. Its learner strategy is primarily generative, with learners striving towards self-directed study where the learner is central to the process.

Heutagogy is a system of learning often referred to as “life-long learning.” It emphasizes “Knowledge sharing,” (Hase & Kenyon, 2000) and may be considered aligned with a Connectivist approach to learning, where the learner develops her own objectives with an emphasis on learning how to learn.


These three systems of learning when blended may offer a full and balanced learning environment for a diverse group of learners, with pedagogy serving as the foundation, andragogy the implementation and heutagogy the apex of a learning system.

As applied to the TK20 project:
1. A solid pedagogic foundation would deliver the content: what is TK20?
2. Use andragogic principles to implement self-directed learning;
3. Ultimately gain the heutagogic goal of learning autonomy with independent use of the system.



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Additional Resources:

Sugata Mitra: Kids can teach themselves.