Advance Organizers & Motivation Dave & Kyle

Advance Organizers & Motivation


How do you organize personal information? Why do you do it? Does it provide structure to your information? Does it allow for easier future recall and learning? Are you motivated to be organized? This presentation will discuss Advance Organizers and Motivation

Objectives:After viewing this presentation, the learner will be able to:

o list two advantages of advance organizers.
o list two disadvantages of advance organizers.
o describe two types of advance organizers.
o explain two ways to motivate employees.
o describe at least one way in which a company can motivate employees both intrinsically and extrinsically.
o explain the difference between energy and motivation.

What is an Advance Organizer?

An advance organizer is presented material that introduces the learner to what they will be learning, thus allowing the learner to utilize relevant prior knowledge (Mayer, 2010). Advance organizers also come in two distinct forms in which they are either expository or comparative. According to Shihusa and Keraro (2009), expository organizers are used when the information presented is completely new and the comparative organizer is used when there is some prior knowledge to be accessed.

Why use an Advance Organizer?

o Advance organizers will help students scaffold the information that is presented to them.
o Often times the use of an advanced organizer may motivate students to learn.
o Advanced Organizers can be used in web based documents and paper documents to be presented in many different ways.

Types of Advance Organizers:

Advance organizers can exist in many different forms. They may be graphical, narrative, utilize skimming, include pictures and text, and may be detailed or not.

What is Motivation?

In nearly everything people do in life, they have some sort of motivation for doing so. Motivation is the desire we receive once we get an incentive. Motivating people happens in two ways, intrinsically and extrinsically. Intrinsic motivation “refers to motivation that is driven by an interest or enjoyment in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external pressure” (Na-songkhla, 2011, Introduction, para.4). Na-songkhla also reflects on extrinsic motivation which comes from “outside of the individual” (2011).

Why Motivate?

o People who are motivated tend to do a better job.
o Motivation creates a positive environment.
o Motivation can lead to higher productivity from workers and students.

Motivational Techniques:

John Keller(1988) developed what is known as the ARCS Model on how one can motivate people.

A- Attention
R- Relevance
C- Confidence
S- Satisfaction

Examples of what may motivate people:

o Motivation may come in the form of money or benefits.
o Grades
o Training programs in which they can move up the “ladder”

Obsticles to Motivation:

o Can be difficult making a formative plan to increase motivation.
o Individuals do not get motivated in the same way.
0 How do you measure motivation?

References:

Atherton J S (2011) Teaching and Learning; Advance Organisers [On-line: UK]. Retrieved from http://www.learningandteaching.info/teaching/advance_organisers.htm
Chen, B., Hirumi, A., & Zhang, N.J. (2007). Investigating the use of advance organizers as an instructional strategy for web-based distance education. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8(3), 223–231.
Cottrell, D. (2009). Monday morning motivation: Five steps to energize your team, customers, and profits. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.
Hiam, A. (2003). Motivational Management: Inspiring your people for maximum performance. New York, NY: AMACOM.
Hill, J.D. & Flynn, K. M. (2006). Classroom instruction that works with english language learners. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/books/106009/chapters/Cues,-Questions,-and-Advance-Organizers.aspx
Keller, J. M. (2006). What is Motivational Design. Florida State University. http://www.arcsmodel.com/pdf/Motivational%20Design%20Rev%20060620.pdf
Keller, J. M., & Suzuki, K. (1988). Use of the ARCS Motivation Model in Courseware Design. In D. H. Jonassen (Ed.), Instructional Designs for Microcomputer Courseware. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Retrieved from http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CC4QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fedweb.sdsu.edu%2Fcourses%2Fedtec670%2Farchives%2Fcases-F02%2Fedtec540%2FARCSModelHandout.pdf&ei=hntjT7moPIXg2QWlxNm3CA&usg=AFQjCNGlIc_JZT2a-uJl9mHwgv3pq1QiYg
Lagerwerf, L., Cornelis, L, de Geus, J., & Jansen, P. (2008). Advance organizers in advisory reports : Selective reading, recall, and perception. Written Communication, 25. 53-75. doi: 10.1177/0741088307309043
Learning theory. (2012). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/334034/learning-theory
Lockwood, N. (2010). Motivation in today's workplace: The link to performance. Research Quarterly. Retrieved from http://www.shrm.org/
Mayer, R. E. (2010). The cambridge handbook of multimedia learning. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Na-songkhla, J. (2011). Flexible learning in a workplace model: Blended a motivation to a lifelong learner in a social network environment. Online Submission. Retrieved from ERIC
Shihusa, H. & Keraro, F.N. (2009). Using advance organizers to enhance students’ motivation in learning biology. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2009, 5(4), 413-420.
Topchik, G.S. (2001). Managing workplace negativity. New York, NY: AMACOM.
Unit 2 - What are advance organizers and how can they be used? (2008). Retrieved from http://tccl.rit.albany.edu/knilt/index.php/UNIT_2-_What_are_some_examples_of_advance_organizers_and_how_can_they_be_used%3F